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My SEO Checklist & Ensuring Website Health

Updated: Oct 3, 2023

In today's rapidly evolving digital landscape, simply having a website isn’t enough. You need to ensure that your site is optimized for search engines to understand, rank, and display. That's where Technical SEO comes into play.

Technical SEO encompasses the non-content elements of your site, focusing on improving the backend structure and foundation. It ensures that your site has a solid technical infrastructure that aligns with search engine guidelines, giving it a better chance to rank higher in search results.

In this blog, we'll outline a comprehensive Technical SEO checklist to help you maintain the health of your website. Let’s dive in.

Optimize Your XML Sitemap

The XML sitemap acts as a roadmap for search engines, helping them understand the structure of your site and index its pages efficiently.


  • Make sure all important pages are listed.

  • Exclude non-essential pages (like thank you pages).

  • Regularly update the sitemap as you add/remove pages.

  • Submit the sitemap to Google Search Console and Bing Webmaster Tools.

Improve Site Speed

Google considers page speed as a ranking factor. Faster-loading pages provide a better user experience, leading to longer site visits and more conversions.


  • Optimize images to reduce their size.

  • Use browser caching.

  • Minimize server response time.

  • Utilize a Content Delivery Network (CDN) for global reach.

Ensure Mobile-Friendliness

With the majority of users accessing websites from mobile devices, having a mobile-optimized site is no longer optional.


  • Use a responsive design.

  • Test your site with Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test tool.

  • Avoid using Flash and pop-ups which aren't mobile-friendly.

  • Ensure buttons and links are easily clickable on smaller screens.

Implement HTTPS

Security is a priority for both users and search engines. Migrate your website from HTTP to HTTPS for a secure connection and potential SEO boost.


  • Get an SSL certificate.

  • Update all internal links to HTTPS.

  • Set up 301 redirects from HTTP to HTTPS.

Fix Broken Links

Broken links can disrupt the user experience and hinder search engines from crawling your site efficiently.


  • Use tools like Screaming Frog or Ahrefs to identify broken links.

  • Replace or remove dead links.

  • Regularly check your site for 404 errors.

Optimize Robots.txt

The robots.txt file guides search engine bots about which pages to crawl or not to crawl on your site.


  • Ensure that no important pages are blocked.

  • Test the file in Google Search Console.

  • Regularly review and update the robots.txt file.

Implement Structured Data

Structured data helps search engines understand the context of your content, leading to rich snippets in search results which can improve click-through rates.


  • Use Google’s Structured Data Markup Helper.

  • Implement relevant schema types (like Article, Product, Event).

  • Test your markup using Google’s Structured Data Testing Tool.

Check Pagination and Canonical Tags

To avoid content duplication and ensure search engines understand the relationship between paginated content, it's essential to implement canonical tags.


  • Use the rel="canonical" tag to point search engines to the original version of a page.

  • Implement rel="prev" and rel="next" tags for paginated content.

Monitor Site Downtime

Frequent site downtimes can hurt your SEO rankings and user trust.


  • Choose a reliable hosting provider.

  • Monitor site uptime with tools like Uptime Robot or Pingdom.

  • Optimize server performance and address any technical issues promptly.

Regularly Audit Your Website

Conducting regular SEO audits will help identify issues that might be hampering your site’s performance.


  • Use tools like SEMrush or Moz Pro for comprehensive audits.

  • Address any identified issues promptly.

  • Schedule regular audits, at least twice a year.

A Well Optimized Site Satisfies Search Engines & User Experience

Technical SEO might seem daunting, especially with its ever-evolving nature. However, with this checklist in hand, you're well-equipped to ensure your website’s health and boost its search engine visibility. Remember, a well-optimized site not only satisfies search engines but also provides an enhanced user experience — the ultimate goal of any website.

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